About the profession
The child's organism is characterized by immaturity of the nervous system and features of anatomy that are distinctive from those of an adult. Therefore, a specific field was separated from general surgery - pediatric surgery. The tasks of this field of medicine are diagnostics, prevention and surgical treatment of children’s diseases, as well as the identification and elimination of malformations. Like any doctor of other medical specialty, a pediatric surgeon interviews, makes a diagnosis, prepares a patient for surgery, does the surgery and monitors the patient’s health condition in the postoperative period. In addition, the specialist records the information about the patient's health condition and all medical procedures in the medical history card. Pediatric surgery includes research and practical activities in many branches of medicine, such as general, purulent and emergency surgery, treatment of benign tumors, orthopedics, traumatology, coloproctology, urology, neurosurgery, thoracic surgery, vascular malformations, surgical gastroenterology.
During the training upon the residency programme on the specialization "Pediatric surgery", the students acquire not only theoretical knowledge - practical training forms a significant part, in particular, the simulation course and the internship curriculum on the specialization are aimed at this. The internship curriculum includes: 1) internship in a polyclinic; 2) internship at hospital. Much attention is paid to clinical training for the development of high-tech methods of diagnostics and treatment of children’s surgical diseases. During the internship, doctors study the following disciplines: pediatric surgery; planned, purulent and plastic surgery for children; pediatric urology; abdominal surgery; proctologic childhood diseases; neonatal surgery; thoracic surgery; traumatology and orthopedics; combustiology; introduction to pediatric oncology; pediatric anesthesiology and resuscitation. The structure of the residency programme on the specialization "Pediatric surgery" includes three blocks: disciplines (modules), internships and state final attestation. The block "Disciplines (modules)" includes a compulsory (basic) part and an elective part formed by the participants in the educational relations.
Practical training is held in the structural subdivisions of the University (the Simulation Training Center of the Institute of Medicine of RUDN University, the Medical Center of RUDN University) and at the clinical sites of the specialized departments (State Budgetary Healthcare Institution "Morozovskaya Children's City Clinical Hospital" of the Moscow Health Department, Vidnovskaya District Clinical Hospital).
A graduate, who has completed the residency programme, can conduct the operative treatment of children from birth till 14-year-old age. The duties of this specialist include advising, making a diagnosis, prescribing and conducting a surgical intervention, subsequent monitoring of the rehabilitation of an operated child.