About the profession
Environmental problems in recent decades have become "eternal companions" of the development of modern civilization. The acuteness of these problems is caused by the massive involvement of natural resources in the sphere of economic activity of mankind and the large accumulation of production and consumption wastes. Therefore, such importance is acquired by "Earth Sciences", studying the Earth and its main geospheres, their composition, structure, evolution and properties; geophysical fields, deposits of solid and liquid minerals; studying natural, economic and anthropogenic systems and structures at the global, national, regional and local levels involved in monitoring the state, the development forecast and the environmental impact assessment of all forms of economic activity.
In the "Earth Sciences" there are more than a hundred different specializations: closely related to chemistry (geochemical line of study), physics (geophysical line of study), biology with mathematics and cybernetics (computer modeling of geological processes), and since this line of study is implemented at the Faculty of Ecology- priority areas are related to the environmental component, in particular - with biological sciences.
The program of professional training of the staff of the highest qualification has as its goal the formation of the necessary knowledge of the students, skills, abilities, experience for the professional activity and preparation for the defense of scientific and qualification work for the Ph.D. degree; as well as the creation of training conditions for the acquisition of a high level of theoretical and professional training for the students, knowledge of general concepts and methodological issues in the field of earth sciences, a deep understanding of the basic scientific and pedagogical problems and the ability to apply the acquired knowledge to solve research and applied problems in this area of training with further satisfaction of the needs of society and the state in qualified specialists with higher education; formation of a civic position in the students.
The research part of the program is the problems of anthropogenic impact on the environment and human health, biotechnology, waste recycling, development of analytical methods and technological solutions to prevent pollution of the environment and minimize the impact on surrounding ecosystems.
Directions of research:
- Factorial ecology
- Population ecology
- Ecology of communities
- Systemic ecology
- Applied ecology
- Human ecology, etc.
- Modern ecological science
- Certification of products in accordance with international environmental requirements
- Human ecology and environmental hygiene
Postgraduate students undergo research internship, depending on the topic of research, it is possible to use the Center for Common Use of RUDN, as well as to conduct seminars and laboratory classes for students of the Faculty of Ecology within the pedagogical practice.
The educational program is focused primarily on labour markets in the manufacturing sector, housing and communal services (positions of ecologists, specialists in labour protection, industrial and environmental safety), scientific, consulting and project organizations, governing bodies. Activities in the field of ecology and organization of nature use are in great demand in all countries of the world, in all branches of the economy.
The need of the labor market for graduates of postgraduate study in the field of "Earth Sciences": Design, survey, research, production consulting, expert divisions and departments, bureaus and centers, companies and institutes in the field of earth sciences, ecology, environmental management, geology; general educational organizations, educational organizations, educational organizations of higher education.
Labor markets, which are the focus of the program: “Science / Education", "Consulting", "Medicine / Pharmaceutics", "Raw materials production", Industry, large, small and medium-sized businesses, Energy, Construction, Chemistry and Biology, Environmental Management, Recycling, Design, Municipal and Public Administration, Academic institutes., Ministries and Departments.